Why isn’t holding NQSOs after exercise a tax benefit?
September 18, 2006
Subject: Exercising non-qualified options
Date: Tue, 27 Jun 2006
I saw in your material that there is no tax benefit for exercising non-qualified stock options and holding the shares. According to an explanation at the Turbo Tax web site, if “you exercise the option to purchase the shares, then you sell them more than a year after the day your purchased them” that you will pay long-term capital gains tax.
Isn’t the long-term capital gains tax a tax benefit?
Date: 05 Jul 2006
I’m sorry for the confusion. Remember that when you exercise a non-qualified stock option, you report ordinary income for the excess of the fair market value of the stock received over the option price. That ordinary income is currently taxable (in most cases as additional wages) and is not converted to long-term capital gain by holding the stock for more than one year. Any additional gain from the sale of the stock after holding it more than year will be a long term capital gain, eligible for the lower tax rates that apply to long-term capital gains.
My point is, you would receive the same tax benefit if you simply bought the shares outright without exercising a stock option.
If that is true, the correct question is, would you buy this stock at its current fair market value if you received a cash bonus? For most employees, holding a concentrated position in employer stock is not a wise investment decision. There are situations, like when the employer is preparing a public offering with an expected big increase in value, when it may make sense to take the risk. Just recognize what you’re doing.